State Archimedes’ principle. Discuss the conditions of the flotation of a body.
Archimedes’ principle states that a body fully or partially immersed in a fluid experiences an upward force that is equal in magnitude to the weight of the fluid it displaces.
The conditions of the flotation of a body are
- For a body to float in a fluid, the buoyant force acting on the body must be equal to the weight of the body.
- The buoyant force is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body.