Chapter 1 – Matter and Its Composition

Matter and Its Composition

Selina Concise Chemistry 2023 solutions for class 7 Chemistry. Chapter 1 – Matter and Its Composition is provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Matter and Its Composition (1st Chapter) are extremely popular among class 10 students. The Matter and Its Composition solution is handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams.

Book Name : Concise Chemistry Middle School
Subject : Chemistry
Class : 7
Publisher : Selina Publisher PVT Ltd
Chapter Name : Matter and Its Composition

Question 1.

Define matter


Anything that has mass and occupies space is called matter.

Question 2.

What is the difference between mass and weight?


Mass is the “quantity of matter” and weight is “the force with which the earth pulls a body towards itself’. The mass of a body does not change but its weight changes from place to place.

Question 3.

If an object weighs 6 N on Earth what will be its weight on the moon? What will be the change in its mass?


Weight of body on moon = 1/6 th of its weight on earth.

∴ Body will weigh of 6 = 1/6 × 6 = 1 N on moon

The mass of a body does not change with a change in gravity. So the mass of a body will remain the same on the moon.

Question 4.

Write your observation and conclusion for the following:

  1. When a few marbles are put in a glass half filled with water.
  2. Ice is kept at room temperature.


(a) Take some marbles and put them into the water of a glass tumbler one by one. After some time you will notice that the water level crosses the mark and rises. This is because the marbles occupy space. Again weigh the glass with the marbles. You will find that the second mass is greater than the first one. This proves that marbles have mass.

Matter and Its Composition

This proves that matter has mass and occupies space.

(b) Ice when kept at room temperature again changes back into liquid water.

Question 5.

State three main characteristics of the particles of matter.


Characteristics of Matter

  1. It can neither be created nor destroyed.
  2. It is composed of a particular material which can either be Homogeneous or Heterogeneous.
  3. Matter has, volume, mass and weight as per their state.

Question 6.

Differentiate between an atom and a molecule.


Atom Molecule
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties of that element A group of two or more atoms that are chemically bonded together
Consists of a nucleus made up of protons and neutrons, surrounded by electrons Can be made up of atoms of the same element or different elements

Question 7.

Define :

  1. Solid
  2. Liquid
  3. Gas


Giving two examples of each type.

(a) Solid: A solid is that state of matter which has a fixed shape, mass and volume.

e.g. – Sand, Wood, Copper, Ice, etc.

(b) Liquid: It has a definite mass and volume but lacks a shape of its own.

e.g. – Milk, water, ink, etc.

(c) Gas: It is a state of matter which has only definite mass but no definite shape and volume.

e.g. – Carbon dioxide, oxygen, etc.

Question 8.

Why are liquids and gases called fluids?


Liquids and gases are called fluids because they can flow and have the ability to take on the shape of their container.

Question 9.

  1. Define interconversion of states of matter.
  2. Why do solids, liquids and gases differ in their physical state?
  3. Under what conditions do solids, liquids and gases change their state?


  1. The process by which matter changes from one state to another and back to its original state, without any change in its chemical composition.
  2. The intermolecular force of attraction. Intermolecular spaces are two important properties of matter that account for the different states of matter.
  3. Matter can change from one state to another on changing temperature and pressure.

Question 10.

  1. When a stone is dipped in a glass containing some water the level of water rises but when a spoon of sugar is added to it and stirred, the water level does not rise.
  2. A drop of ink added to water in a glass turns the whole water blue.


(a) Take half a glass of water. Dip a spoon in it. What do you observe? The water level rises, indicating that the spoon occupies space.

spoon of sugar

Now remove the spoon, water comes down to its original level. Now add a spoon of sugar to it and stir well. The sugar disappears but the level of water in the glass does not rise, which means the volume of water has not increased. But where did the sugar particles disappear?

The sugar particles being smaller get adjusted between the water molecules. This shows that there are intermolecular space in the water.

(b) This is because the water as well as ink particles (molecules) are in continuous random motion. Due to motion, the blue-coloured particles of the ink spread all over and give blue colour to the water.

Question 11.

Fill in the blanks :

  1. Air is a matter because it has ____, ____ and ____ and it can be ____.
  2. The molecules are made up of ____.
  3. The quantity of matter in an object is called its ____.
  4. The state of matter with definite volume and definite shape is called ____.
  5. The substances which can flow are called ____.


  1. weight, mass, space, compressed
  2. atoms
  3. mass
  4. solid
  5. fluids

Question 12.

Name the terms for the following :

  1. The change of a solid into a liquid.
  2. The force of attraction between the molecules of matter.
  3. The particles of matter which may or may not have an independent existence.
  4. The process due to which a solid directly changes into its vapours.
  5. The change of vapour into a liquid.


  1. Melting.
  2. The intermolecular force of attraction.
  3. Solid.
  4. Sublimation.
  5. Condensation.

Question 13.

Classify the following into solid, liquid and gas :

Coal, kerosene, wood, oxygen, sugar, blood, water vapour, milk, wax.


Solid Liquid Gas
Coal Kerosene Oxygen
Wood Blood Water vapor
Sugar Milk


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