Question

A piece of wood of uniform cross section and height 15 cm floats vertically with it’s height 10 cm in water and 12 cm in spirit. Find the density of (i) wood and (ii) spirit.

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Answer

Height of the wood = 15 cm

Height of the wood in water = 10 cm

Height of the wood in spirit = 12 cm

As the block of wood is of uniform cross-sectional area, the height of the block is proportional to the volume

By the principle of floatation,

{Volume\ of\ immersed\ part\over Total\ volume} = {Density\ of\ wood\over Density\ of\ sea\ water}

{10\over 15} = {Density\ of\ wood \over 1}

⇒ Density of wood = {10\over 15} = 0.667 g cm-3

In the case of spirit, substituting the values in the formula above, we get,

{Volume\ of\ immersed\ part\over Total\ volume} = {Density\ of\ wood\over Density\ of\ spirit}

{12\over 15} = {0.667\over Density\ of\ spirit}

⇒ Density of spirit = {15\over 12} × 0.667 = 0.833 g cm-3

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