# Describe Newton’s third law of motion.

## Answer

According to this law, to every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. When an object, say A, exert a force (action) on another object, say B, then B also exerts a force (reaction) on the A. These two forces are always equal in magnitude but opposite in direction.

As shown in the above figure, if \vec{F} AB be the force exerted by body A on B and is the \vec{F} BA is the force exerted by B on A, then according to Newton’s third law,

\vec{F} BA = – \vec{F} AB

Or, Force on A by B = – Force on B by A

Or, Reaction = – Action

This law clarifies that a single force can never exist and that the forces always exist in pairs. The two opposing forces are known as action and reaction. The forces of action and reaction always act on two different bodies.

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