The factors of environmental problems in Sundarban
- Destruction of mangroves: Loss of specially adapted mangrove plants affects the entire ecosystem, leading to land erosion and habitat destruction due to agricultural expansion and urbanization.
- Freshwater crisis: Shortage of freshwater in the Sundarbans delta area, leading to floods caused by high tides with saltwater intrusion, impacting vegetation and productivity.
- Destruction of habitats: The loss of Sundari trees and mangroves shrinks habitats, affecting wildlife habitation, and natural calamities like cyclones and floods further destroy vegetation and freshwater communities.
- Pollution: Increasing population and use of cars and fossil fuels lead to CO2 emissions and pollution, posing a threat to the Sundarbans ecosystem.