Explain the following terms —
(a) plane mirror
(b) incident ray
(c) reflected ray
(d) angle of incidence
(e) angle of reflection.
Draw diagram/diagrams to show them.

(a) Plane mirror — It is made from few mm thick glass plate. One surface of the glass plate is polished to a high degree of smoothness. This forms the front surface of the mirror and the other surface is silvered (i.e., silver mercury or some suitable material is deposited over it). The silvered surface is further coated with some opaque material so as to protect the silvering on it.

The two surfaces of the plane mirror are shown below —

plane-mirror-concise-physics-solutions-icse-class-9-1200x792

(b) Incident ray — the ray of light striking a reflecting surface is called the incident ray.

(c) Reflected ray — the light ray obtained after reflection from the surface in the same medium in which the incident ray is travelling is called reflected ray.

(d) Angle of incidence — The angle which the incident ray makes with the normal at the point of incidence, is called angle of incidence.

It is denoted by the letter i.

(e) Angle of reflection — The angle which the reflected ray makes with the normal at the point of incidence, is called angle of reflection.

It is denoted by the letter r.

Below diagram illustrates the Incident ray, Reflected ray, Angle of incidence and Angle of reflection:

reflection-plane-mirror-concise-physics-solutions-icse-class-9-1200x581
Subscribe
Notify of