Define solute, solvent and solution. Give example.
- Solute: A solute is a substance that is dissolved in a solvent to form a solution. It is typically a solid, liquid, or gas that dissolves in another substance. Example: In saltwater, salt is the solute that dissolves in water.
- Solvent: A solvent is a substance that dissolves the solute to form a solution. It is typically a liquid, but can also be a gas or a solid in some cases. Example: In saltwater, water is the solvent that dissolves the salt.
- Solution: A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, typically consisting of a solute dissolved in a solvent. Example: Saltwater is an example of a solution, where salt (solute) is dissolved in water (solvent) to form a homogeneous mixture.