Describe the seasons of West Bengal.
West Bengal experiences four main seasons – summer, monsoon, autumn, and winter. The characteristics of these seasons are as follows:
- Summer (March to May): Summer is the hottest season in West Bengal. The temperature during this season ranges between 30°C and 40°C. The humidity is also high during this season, making it uncomfortable for people. The summer season is characterized by dust storms, thunderstorms, and occasional hailstorms. However, the southern part of West Bengal is relatively cooler due to the presence of the sea.
- Monsoon (June to September): Monsoon is the most important season in West Bengal as it brings most of the rainfall to the state. The southwest monsoon winds bring heavy rainfall to the state, especially in the hilly regions of Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Cooch Behar. The rainfall varies from 1500 mm to 2500 mm. The monsoon season is also characterized by frequent cyclones and floods.
- Autumn (October to November): The autumn season is characterized by clear skies and pleasant weather. The temperature during this season ranges from 25°C to 30°C. The humidity levels are also low during this season, making it comfortable for people to go out.
- Winter (December to February): The winter season in West Bengal is relatively mild, with the temperature ranging from 10°C to 20°C. The northern parts of West Bengal, including Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri, experience sub-zero temperatures during this season. The winter season is also characterized by occasional rain and fog.