Explain the reason for turbulent air circulation in the troposphere.
The turbulent air circulation in the troposphere is mainly caused by differences in temperature and pressure across the Earth’s surface. The Sun’s energy is absorbed unequally by the Earth’s surface, causing some areas to become warmer than others. This creates temperature and pressure gradients that drive the movement of air masses.
Warmer air is less dense than cooler air, so it rises and creates areas of low pressure. Cooler air is denser than warmer air, so it sinks and creates areas of high pressure. As air moves from high-pressure areas to low-pressure areas, it creates winds and generates turbulence. The rotation of the Earth also affects the movement of air, creating different wind patterns in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.