What are the characteristic, properties of saturated and unsaturated compounds ? Give example.
Saturated and unsaturated compounds have distinct characteristics and properties. Here are some of them:
Characteristics of Saturated Compounds:
- Saturated compounds contain only single bonds between carbon atoms.
- Saturated compounds have the maximum number of hydrogen atoms bonded to each carbon atom.
Properties of Saturated Compounds:
- Saturated compounds have high melting and boiling points due to their strong intermolecular forces.
- Saturated compounds are generally insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar solvents.
Examples of Saturated Compounds:
- Methane (CH4)
- Ethane (C2H6)
Characteristics of Unsaturated Compounds:
- Unsaturated compounds contain one or more double or triple bonds between carbon atoms.
- Unsaturated compounds have fewer hydrogen atoms bonded to each carbon atom than saturated compounds.
Properties of Unsaturated Compounds:
- Unsaturated compounds have lower melting and boiling points than saturated compounds due to weaker intermolecular forces.
- Unsaturated compounds are often more soluble in polar solvents than in nonpolar solvents.
Examples of Unsaturated Compounds:
- Ethene (C2H4)
- Propene (C3H6)