Lesson 1 – Book of Nature | Chapter Solution Class 7

Book of Nature
Book Name : Blossom
Subject : English
Class : 7 (Madhyamik)
Publisher : Prof. Nabanita Chatterjee
Chapter Name : Book of Nature

Activity 1

Underline the appropriate alternatives:

  1. India is in fact a (big/small/huge) part of the earth’s surface.
  2. Once upon a time, the earth was too (cold/dark/hot) for any living being to survive.
  3. Fossils are (a type of wild animal/ one kind of hard rock/ the remains of old living beings).

Answer

  1. small
  2. hot
  3. the remains of old living beings

Activity 2

Answer the following questions in complete sentences:

  1. What must we do to know about the late of this world?
  2. How old is our earth?
  3. Who roamed the earth at the arrival of human beings?

Answer

  1. We must think of all the countries as our own all the people as our brothers and sisters.
  2. Our earth is millions and millions of years old.
  3. Before the arrival of human beings, only animals were there.

Activity 3

Fill in the blanks with suitable words from the text. The first letters of words are given :

  1. As a subject, h ____ is quite interesting
  2. We have good relations with our neighbouring c ____.
  3. Plants need air, water and sunlight to g ______
  4. Can you I ____ how big the Universe is?
  5. You should s ____ regularly if you want to be a good student.

Answer

  1. history
  2. countries
  3. grow
  4. imagine
  5. study

Activity 4

Make meaningful sentences with the following words :

  1. interest    :
  2. surface     :
  3. inhabited :
  4. together   :
  5. scientist   :

Answer

  1. She has a lot of interest in science.
  2. the surface of the earth is full o trees.
  3. Animals inhabited the earth before us.
  4. We live together happily in India.
  5. A.P.J  Abdul Kalam was a scientist.

Activity 5

Indentify which the following statements are True is false. Give a supporting statement for each of your answers.

  1. Fairy tales are rich in imagination. (     )
  2. We have no means to know about the far-off days. (      )
  3. The alphabet of nature is like the Hindi or the English alphabet. (     )
  4. We can learn a lot about our world from the rivers and mountains. (     )

Answer

  1. True – because we find impossible things happening in fairy tales.
  2. False – because we can know about far of days by studying the rivers, mountains, fossils etc.
  3. False – because the alphabet of nature is, everything we find in nature like pebbles, rivers, fossils etc.
  4. True – Because every river or mountain has its own story.

Activity 6

Complete the following with information from the text :

  1. No book could have been written in old because _____
  2. To be able to read any language one _____
  3. A small pebble was definitely  a part _____
  4. On the beaches at the seaside, little children _____

Answer

  1. because men did not exist in old times.
  2. should learn the alphabet first.
  3. of a big rock.
  4. play and make sand castles

Activity 7

Fill in the following chart with information from the text:

Statements Reason
(1) Fairy tales need not be true
(2) A piece of rock looks different from a pebble.
(3) A bit of rock on some mountainside reaches a little valley.
(4) All pebbles do not become sand.

Answer

  1. because they are written out of imagination.
  2. because a piece of rock is bigger and water than a pebble.
  3. because rain washes it down the valley.
  4. because some pebbles are left behind by the river on its sides.

Activity 8

Answer the following questions:

  1. What is the thing around us that tell us about the earth’s early tale?
  2. Why does a pebble have a smooth surface?
  3. How does a pebble become a grain of sand?
  4. What does the author men by “ The Great Book of Nature?”

Answer

  1. Ricks, mountains, pebbles, rivers, fossils etc. Tell us about Earth’s early tale.
  2. Because a pebble rolls at the bottom of the river and the surface becomes smooth.
  3. Because it rolls down the river continuously and finally becomes a grain of sand because of friction.
  4. The author means that nature is like a book and things in it are like pages of that book.

Activity 9

Rearrange the sentences in the correct order by writing the numbers in the brackets. One is done for you:

  1. The rock is taken to a big river by the little river. (   )
  2. at last, it is turned into grains of sand. (   )
  3. It becomes a pebble. (  )
  4. A bit of rock is pushed by a smooth stream into a river. (  1 )
  5. the pebble becomes smaller because it is carried on and on by the river. (   )
  6. the edges of the rock are worn away and its rough surfaces are made smooth. (   )

Answer

d  – 1

a – 2

f – 3

c – 4

e – 5

b – 6

Activity 10

Match the words in Column A with their meanings in Column B. One is done for you

Column A Column B
1. fascinating (a) the set of letters in a language
2. merely (b) top visible side
3. fortunately (c) became damaged by the use
4. alphabet (d) only or just
5. surface (e) luckily
6. worn (f) very interesting or charming 

Answer

  1. fascinating (f) very interesting or charming
  2. merely (d) only or just
  3. fortunately (e) luckily
  4. alphabet (a) the set of letters in a language
  5. surface (b) top visible side
  6. worn (c) became damaged by the use

Activity 11

Replace the underlined words with suitable opposite words from the box. There are some extra words

[hopeful, lost, add, left, ugly, late, sad, rough]

  1. The man became famous in the early years of his life.
  2. She is looking very happy.
  3. The trunk of the huge tree has a smooth bark.
  4. Jatin found his pencil box on his way to school.
  5. Smita learnt to subtract.

Answer

  1. The man became famous in the late years of his life.
  2. She is looking very sad.
  3. The trunk of the huge tree has a rough bark.
  4. Jatin lost his pencil box on his way to school.
  5. Smita learnt to add.

Activity 12 (a)

Read the paragraph below and put the apostrophe (‘) mark in the proper places:

Rahims father is a well-known person. The honourable M.L.A. of the area is his relative. He has donated a good sum of money to the local library for buying new books. The library is located near the girls high school. Sabinas brother and Akrams sister often visit the library. They like to read childrens story books and Tagores poems. Their parents also go there to read newspapers after the days work.

Answer

Rahim’s father is a well-known person. The honourable M.L.A. of the area is his relative. He has donated a good sum of money to the local library for buying new books. The library is located near the girls’ high school. Sabina’s brother and Akram’s sister often visit the library. They like to read children’s story books and Tagore’s poems. Their parents also go there to read newspapers after the day’s work.

Activity 12 (b)

Rewrite the following passage using contracted forms of words wherever applicable:

The teacher said, “We all know you are a good student. I cannot understand why you have done such a thing. You should not behave rudely with your classmates. Promise me, you will always remember what I have said.”

The student realised his mistake. He said, “Sir, I am sorry. I shall never behave like this.”

Answer

The teacher said, “We all know you’re a good student. I can’t understand why you’ve done such a thing. You shouldn’t behave rudely with your classmates. Promise me, you’ll always remember what I’ve said.”

The student realized his mistake. He said, “Sir, I’m sorry. I shan’t ever behave like this.”

Activity 13 (a)

Fill in the chart correctly

Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Possessive Pronouns
I my ____
We ____ ours
____ your ____
he ____ ____
____ ____ hers
it ____ ____
____ their ____

Answer

Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Possessive Pronouns
I my mine
We our ours
You your yours
He his his
She her hers
It its its
They their theirs

 

Activity 13 (b)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives:

Yesterday I forgot to take back ____ pen from Sunil. I gave him ____ in the class because he didn’t bring ____.

The little girl has torn ____ clothes. “But why are ____ clothes dirty?” asked the mother to the girl’s elder brothers. “We have soiled ____ playing outside”, they said.

Answer

Yesterday I forgot to take back my pen from Sunil. I gave him his in class because he didn’t bring his.

The little girl has torn her clothes. “But why are her clothes dirty?” asked the mother to the girl’s elder brothers. “We have soiled them playing outside,” they said.

Activity 14 (a)

Nirmal hasn’t replied in the correct format.

Rewrite the letter correctly for him.

32/4 M G Road

Eastern Extension

Delhi-110092

June 30, 2012

Dear Kanan,

I hope this letter finds you well. Thank you for your invitation to go on a tour of Rajasthan with your family. However, I regret to inform you that my mother is scheduled to undergo heart surgery early next month. Due to this, we are unable to join you for the tour. I apologize for any inconvenience caused.

I appreciate your understanding in this matter, and I sincerely hope that you and your family have a wonderful and memorable visit to Rajasthan.

With warm regards,

Nirmal Das

c/o Bimal Kumar Das

22/1, Hill Road

Siliguri

West Bengal

Activity 14 (b)

Write a letter to your friend in about 75 words telling him/her about a short tour you had recently gone to. Mention the places you visited, how you travelled, the people who accompanied you, your sightseeing and your enjoyment of the tour.

Answer

Dear Ravi,

Hope you’re doing well. I wanted to share the fantastic experience of a recent short tour I took with my family. We explored the picturesque town of Ooty in Tamil Nadu. We travelled by train, enjoying the scenic journey through lush green landscapes. During our trip, we visited popular attractions like Doddabetta Peak, Ooty Lake, and the Botanical Gardens. The sightseeing was breathtaking, and we had a wonderful time enjoying the pleasant weather and exploring the local markets. It was a memorable tour filled with laughter, fun, and unforgettable moments.

Can’t wait to hear about your own adventures!

Warm regards, Sneha

Activity 15

Study the following picture carefully:

Activity 15

Now write a paragraph in about 75 words describing this picture of a village fair. Use the following words and phrases: fairground, crowd, merry-go-round, circus tent, shops and counters, balloon-seller, fun, enjoyment. Begin like this: A village fair is a popular event in the countryside…..

Answer

A village fair is a popular event in the countryside, and this picture shows us one such fair. The fairground is full of people, and they are all having a great time. There is a merry-go-round, and it is spinning around with happy children on it. A big circus tent is also there, ready for exciting shows. There are many shops and counters selling different things, and people are busy exploring them. A balloon seller is adding color to the scene. Overall, it is a place filled with fun and enjoyment for everyone.

Leave a comment

Subscribe
Notify of