What do you mean by biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes? Give an example of each.
Biodegradable wastes are organic materials that can be broken down naturally by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. These wastes can be decomposed into simpler substances that can be assimilated into the environment without causing any harm. Examples of biodegradable wastes include food waste, paper, wood, and leaves.
On the other hand, non-biodegradable wastes are materials that do not decompose naturally or take a very long time to break down. These wastes can persist in the environment for years and may cause harm to living organisms. Examples of non-biodegradable wastes include plastics, metals, glass, and electronic waste.