Write about three main cottage industries of West Bengal.
West Bengal is known for its rich tradition of cottage industries, which have been an important part of the state’s economy and culture for centuries. Here are three of the main cottage industries in West Bengal:
- Handloom Industry: The handloom industry in West Bengal is renowned for producing exquisite fabrics like Baluchari, Dhakai Muslin, Jamdani, and Tant. The handloom industry provides employment to a large number of people, especially women, in rural areas. It is supported by the West Bengal Handloom Development Corporation, which provides various facilities like training, raw material, marketing, and financial assistance to the weavers.
- Terracotta Industry: The terracotta industry in West Bengal is centered around the town of Bishnupur, located in the Bankura district. The industry produces a wide range of items, including pottery, figurines, and decorative items. The artisans use locally available clay, and the items are fired in traditional kilns. The terracotta industry in West Bengal has a rich heritage, with the art form dating back to the 16th century.
- Leather Industry: The leather industry in West Bengal is concentrated in the Kolkata and Howrah regions. The industry produces a variety of leather goods, including shoes, bags, wallets, and jackets. The industry employs a large number of skilled workers, and the products are exported to various countries. The West Bengal government provides various incentives and facilities to promote the growth of the leather industry in the state.