Question

State two advantages and two disadvantages of using nuclear energy for producing electricity.

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Answer

Advantages of using nuclear energy to produce electricity are as follows —

  1. A very small amount of nuclear fuel (such as uranium-235) can produce a tremendous amount of energy.
  2. Once the nuclear fuel is loaded into the nuclear power plant, it continues to release energy over a long period of time.

Limitations of using nuclear energy to produce electricity are as follows —

  1. It is not a clean source of energy because very harmful nuclear radiations are produced in the process which are highly energetic and penetrating.
  2. The waste obtained from the nuclear power plants causes a high degree of environmental pollution.

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