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LAQ : Describe the uses and distribution of coal in India

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Describe the uses and distribution of coal in India.

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Uses of Coal:

  1. Electricity Generation: Coal is the most widely used fuel for electricity generation in India, accounting for more than 70% of the total electricity generation capacity.
  2. Steel Production: Coal is used as a fuel and reducing agent in the production of steel. The iron and steel industry is the second-largest consumer of coal in India.
  3. Cement Manufacturing: Coal is used as a fuel in the cement manufacturing process, which involves heating limestone and clay to high temperatures to produce cement.
  4. Other Industrial Processes: Coal is also used as a fuel in other industrial processes, such as paper and textile manufacturing, and as a feedstock for the production of chemicals and synthetic materials.

Distribution of Coal in India:

Coal reserves in India are mainly concentrated in the eastern and central parts of the country. The major coal-producing states in India are:

  1. Jharkhand: Jharkhand is the largest coal-producing state in India, accounting for more than 25% of the total production.
  2. Chhattisgarh: Chhattisgarh is the second-largest coal-producing state in India, with major coalfields located in the Raigarh, Surguja, and Korba districts.
  3. Odisha: Odisha is another major coal-producing state in India, with coal reserves located in the Talcher and Ib Valley coalfields.
  4. West Bengal: West Bengal has coal reserves in the Raniganj and Jharia coalfields.

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