Give an account of iron ore, its uses and producing areas in India.
Iron ore is a mineral substance that is mined and processed to extract iron metal.
Uses of Iron Ore:
Iron ore is primarily used in the production of steel, which is essential for the construction of buildings, infrastructure, and transportation systems. Iron ore is also used in the production of other products, such as fertilizers, magnets, and electronics.
Producing Areas in India:
India is one of the largest producers of iron ore in the world, with an estimated production of around 220 million tonnes in 2020. The major producing states in India are:
- Odisha: Odisha is the largest producer of iron ore in India, accounting for more than 50% of the total production. Some of the major iron ore mines in Odisha are Daitari, Gandhamardan, Khandadhar, and Malangtoli.
- Chhattisgarh: Chhattisgarh is the second-largest producer of iron ore in India, with major mines located in the Bailadila region.
- Jharkhand: Jharkhand is another major producer of iron ore in India, with mines located in the Singhbhum district.
- Karnataka: Karnataka is a major producer of iron ore in India, with mines located in the Bellary-Hospet region.