Write an account of the non-conventional sources of power in India.
Non-conventional sources of power, also known as renewable energy sources, are becoming increasingly important in India to meet the growing energy demands and reduce dependence on conventional sources of power. Here’s an account of non-conventional sources of power in India:
- Solar Energy: India is one of the countries with the highest solar irradiation in the world, making it an ideal location for solar energy generation. The government of India has set a target of achieving 100 GW of solar power capacity by 2022. Some of the major solar power projects in India include the Bhadla Solar Park in Rajasthan and the Kamuthi Solar Power Project in Tamil Nadu.
- Wind Energy: Wind energy is one of the oldest and most established forms of renewable energy in India. India is the fourth-largest wind power producer in the world, with an installed capacity of over 38 GW. Major wind power projects in India include the Kutch Wind Park in Gujarat and the Muppandal Wind Farm in Tamil Nadu.
- Hydropower: Hydropower is a clean and renewable energy source that has been used in India for many years. India has a significant hydropower potential, with an installed capacity of over 50 GW. Major hydropower projects in India include the Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power Station in Himachal Pradesh and the Tehri Dam in Uttarakhand.
- Bioenergy: Bioenergy is a renewable energy source that is generated from organic matter such as agricultural waste, forest residues, and municipal solid waste. India has significant potential for bioenergy generation, with an estimated potential of around 18 GW. Major bioenergy projects in India include the Bagasse-based cogeneration projects in the sugar industry and the biogas plants in rural areas.
- Geothermal Energy: Geothermal energy is a relatively untapped source of renewable energy in India. However, India has a significant potential for geothermal energy generation, with hot springs and geothermal fields located in several regions of the country. Major geothermal energy projects in India include the Tattapani Geothermal Power Plant in Chhattisgarh and the Puga Geothermal Power Project in Ladakh.