Question

LAQ : What is vegetative propagation? Mention the vegetative propagation by roots and stems

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Answer

Vegetative propagation is a method of asexual reproduction in plants, enabling the creation of new individuals without the use of seeds. In this process, a vegetative part of the plant, such as a root or stem, gives rise to a genetically identical offspring. This technique is commonly employed in horticulture to preserve desirable traits.

Vegetative propagation by roots involves the formation of new plants from root structures. Examples include suckers, emerging shoots from the base of the plant, and tubers, which are underground storage structures like potatoes.

Vegetative propagation by stems utilizes various methods. Runners or stolons are above-ground horizontal stems, producing new plants at nodes along their length. Rhizomes are underground stems that generate new shoots and roots. Bulbs, consisting of a central bud surrounded by fleshy scale leaves, can develop into new plants. These methods offer efficient ways to propagate plants with desired characteristics.

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