Question

LAQ : Mention the significance of meiosis. State the difference between mitosis and meiosis

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Answer

Significance of meiosis

  1. Genetic Diversity: Meiosis creates genetically diverse offspring through crossing over and independent assortment.
  2. Maintains Chromosome Number: Halves the chromosome number in gametes to restore the diploid number after fertilization.
Aspect Mitosis Meiosis
Purpose Cell growth, repair, and asexual reproduction. Producing gametes and enabling sexual reproduction.
Number of Divisions One division (mitosis) Two divisions (meiosis I and meiosis II)
Chromosome Number Maintains chromosome number (diploid). Halves chromosome number (haploid gametes).

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