LAQ : Describe the different types of asexual reproduction with proper examples



Asexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction in which offspring arise from a single parent without the involvement of gametes or the fusion of genetic material from two individuals. This process results in genetically identical or nearly identical offspring, preserving the characteristics of the parent. Here are different types of asexual reproduction with examples:

  1. Binary Fission: Occurs in single-celled organisms, such as bacteria. The parent cell divides into two identical daughter cells.
  2. Budding: Common in yeast and hydra. A small outgrowth or “bud” forms on the parent organism, eventually detaching and developing into a new individual.
  3. Fragmentation: Seen in organisms like planarians (flatworms) and some plants (moss). The organism breaks into fragments, and each fragment can regenerate into a new individual.
  4. Vegetative Propagation: Involves the growth of new plants from vegetative structures like runners (e.g., strawberries), rhizomes (e.g., ginger), or tubers (e.g., potatoes).
  5. Spore Formation: Occurs in fungi (e.g., molds) and some plants (e.g., ferns). Specialized reproductive cells, spores, are produced and can develop into new individuals under suitable conditions.

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