LAQ : What is crossing over? Mention the process of crossing over



crossing over

Crossing over is a process that occurs during meiosis, where specific segments of genetic material are exchanged between homologous chromosomes.

Process of Crossing Over:

  1. Homologous chromosomes pair up during meiosis.
  2. Sections of non-sister chromatids break and exchange genetic material.
  3. This creates new genetic combinations in the chromatids.
  4. Crossing over increases genetic diversity, leading to unique traits in offspring.

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